Category: Bundeswehr

On this day: The Bundeswehr is born (12th November 1955)

  At the end of the Second World War, Germany was left without a military following the dissolution of the Wehrmacht by the occupying Allied armies.   Following the enactment of the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany in May 1949, the new West German state was established. The way it would be allowed to function was set out in that piece of legislation. Article 87a of the Act stipulated that the country's armed force was to be a defensive force for West Germany and, significantly, not allowed to fight outside the country.  It took until the 12th November 1955 for the Bundeswehr to be created.  This was to be the unified armed forces of West Germany - the Army, Navy, Air Force, Joint Support Service and Joint Medical Service. At this time there were just 101 volunteer recruits. To raise the number of personnel, compulsory military service was introduced…